Periodontal Disease

periodontal disease 300x300Oconee County, Clemson, & Seneca SC

Periodontal disease poses a significant threat to both your oral health and your overall health. If you or a member of your family has this advanced oral infection, only professional treatment from an expert dental professional like the ones on staff at SC Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry will help.

Stages of gum disease

  • Gingivitis – The initial stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, which exhibits symptoms of red, inflamed gums that bleed easily. Research indicates that nearly 80% of adults in the United States have gingivitis, and many are unaware that they have it. Left untreated, this early stage of gum disease will advance to more severe stages, and eventually can lead to tooth loss.
  • Periodontitis – Once gum disease becomes advanced, however, the emphasis shifts to preventing any additional irreversible damage from being done. This advanced stage is known as periodontitis and occurs when the inflammation from gingivitis worsens and forms pockets under the gum line that harbor harmful bacteria. Failure to receive treatment will lead to the enlargement of the pockets, as the bacteria spread and multiply. Once these pockets form, the bacteria can enter the bloodstream and begin causing damage throughout the body.

The following health concerns may occur as a result of untreated gum disease:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Low-birth-weight in babies
  • Pre-term birth
  • Certain types of cancers
  • Alzheimer’s disease

Gum disease can lead to life-threatening health issues. Research performed by the American Academy of Periodontology found that patients with gum disease have nearly double the risk factor of developing heart disease because bacteria from the infected gums spread into the bloodstream.


If your gum disease has reached the stage of periodontitis, then only professional treatment by a trained dentist or periodontist can stop the gum disease in its tracks. Although helpful, at-home treatment alone will not stop the effects of the disease. The gums and teeth must be thoroughly cleaned by a professional dental cleaning, and the infection must be treated to prevent further damage to your health.

SC Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry offers the following types of treatment for gum disease.

  • Repetitive therapy: Consists of a combination of scaling and root planing, which is essentially a deep cleaning of your teeth. These procedures typically are performed at scheduled intervals, because anesthetic is used and one side of the mouth is treated at each visit so as to avoid numbing the entire mouth at once.
  • Arestin. An oral antibiotic, which is used to help treat gum disease by killing the harmful bacteria.


Gum disease is a preventable disease. To help ward off gum disease, be sure that you practice a healthy regimen of oral hygiene by brushing twice a day and flossing once per day. Also, be sure to visit the dentist twice a year for routine checkups and cleanings. Take it a step further by consuming a balanced diet and exercise regularly to maintain optimal overall health.

Periodontal disease is serious. Left untreated, it leads to gum recession, tooth loss, bone loss, malnutrition and premature aging. Gum disease is not a problem that will go away on its own. Let SC Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry treat your gum disease. Call (864) 647-9000 to schedule a consultation.

SC Cosmetic and Implant Dentistry provides total oral health care to patients living in the areas of Oconee County, Clemson, & Seneca SC.

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